Harnessing Youth as Positive Drivers to Prevent Violent Extremism

On 20 October 2016, the United Nations Institute for
Training and Research (UNITAR) hosted the panel discussion, “Young People as
a Driving Force to Prevent Violent Extremism.
” The panel discussed the
capacity of young people to be drivers of positive change and leadership,
particularly for youth in fragile settings. The speakers included retired
Lieutenant General Romeo Dallaire, Amanda Fazzone, Senior Countering Violent
Extremism Officer of Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund (GCERF),
and trained psychologist Dr. Ellis. 
UNITAR Executive Nikhil Seth moderated the event that took place in Room
XXIII in the Palais des Nations.

With over half of the global population under 30,
youth can bring about change in a positive way given the right conditions and
support structures.  Of concern are the
youth who have been victims of armed conflicts, natural disasters or other
socio-political events beyond their control. 
However, given the right support and development opportunities, these
children can be swayed away from a path of violent extremism and instead be
positive drivers for their society. 
The panelists discussed how former child soldiers or
other children who are victims from armed conflict can be rehabilitated given
the right education and learning environment. 
However, these children need to receive proper psychological care to
overcome their traumatic experiences before integrating themselves into
society.  The risk of these children
going towards a path of violent extremism can be countered if a holistic
approach is applied to strengthening their physical, economic, and emotional
security.  Grants from organizations like
GCERF help fund projects administered by local level communities to help
empower and build leadership capacity for young people. However, there was an
emphasis by the panelists for private sector and NGO engagement to help these
youth who require proper mentorship, employment opportunities, psychological
care and quality education.
In conclusion, the panelists agreed that the youth of
today have the capacity to help other young people institute positive change through
different means such as civic and political participation, international
volunteerism or engagement with NGOs. 
The future may look uncertain for youth in some parts of the world, but
if given the right purpose and support, they can be the driving force needed to
enact positive change and overcome violent extremism.

General Dallaire: “If we don’t harness their potential for good, their
societies will continue to reap their capacity for evil.”